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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

Artabotoy*.]                         FLOIIA INDICA.                                     127
tatum, rotundatum. Ovula in sutura ventral! indefinite, biserialia.—
Arbores, foliis glabris htcidis, floiabus termwaUbw et opjpositifoliisi solita^
riis velfasciculatis.
This very remarkable genus is clearly but briefly defined by Major Champion in
the Hookerian Herbarium. The flowers are intermediate between those of Xylopica
and those of Guatteriea. The torus is that of Xylopia, but the petals are flatter
than in 'ffabzeHa, and very like those of some species of Artalohys. The stamens
are more like those of Gttattene(et and the single ovary with many ovules is very
anomalous in the. Order. It will be interesting to determine on the living plant the
position of the solitary carpel with respect to the floral envelopes; our specimens
are not sufficiently numerous to enable u* to ascertain this point. One species only is
known, which appears to be a native both of Ceylon and the Malayan coast.
1. C. Zeylanicus (Champion, niss. in Herb. Hook.); foliis ob-
longo-lanceolatis, pcdunculis 1-3 fere pollicaribus, pctalis lineari-ob-
longis.
HAB. In Zcylania, alt. 1-3000 pcdura, Walker! Gardner! ad Han-
tani, Kandy, ct Karawellc Gallc, Champion!; et in Tenasscrim ad
Mcrgui, Griffith! (No. 1032; specimen fructigcrum, sed quantum e
speeimine suppetentc judicandum a plaiita Zeylanica nullo modo dis-
tinguendum).
Arbor. RawnU lacvinsculi, atro-fusci, adulti glabri, juniorcs aureo-pubescentcs,
Ibfia C-10 poll, longa, 3-3 lata, pctiolo ^--pollicari, utrinquc glaberrima, acuminata,
basi ncuta, coriacca, ncrvis obliquis, incnrvis, vcnulis crcbrc reticulatis. Sepala in
cjTathum truncatum •£ poll, altum ^ poll. diam. coalita, dentibus 5 rotundatis obtusis
remotis, fusco-scricea. Fctala, 2J- poll, longa, fusco-sericea^ obtusa, -|—f poll. lata.
Ovarium obscure costatum, glabrum. Fntctus (ex spec. Griilithiauo, in Iferb. Wight)
late ovalis, utrinquc obtusissimus, sesqnipolliccm loiigus, plus quam pollicem latus,
subtorulosus, glaber, arornatieus. Scinmu. biserialia, 8-10. Testa-lscviB. Albumen
ntminatam.
U. ARTABOTRYS, R. Br.
Sepala 3, basi cohrorentia. Petala 6, sest. biseriatim valvata, basi
concava, et circa gcnitalia constricta, sursum patentia, forma vnria,
Stamina indefinita, oblonga vcl cuncata, connective supeme truncate
piano. Anther a dorsales, lofculis remotis. Torus piano-con vexus,
Ovaria indefinita vcl subdcfinita (5-30), ovalia vel oblonga, stylis ova-
libus vcl lincari-oblongis plerumque reflexis terminata. Ovula 2, 'e
basi erecta, collatcralia. Carpella forma varia. Semina 1-2, magna.^—
Prutices sarmentosl vel scandentes, foliis luoidis, floribus interdum sua-
veolentibus solitarii$ vel fasciculatis, pedunculis lignotis uncinatim re-
trofractis.
•
This genus, which was first characterized by Mr. Brown in the * Botanical Register,'
is readily known by its peculiar habit, and by its floral characters. The uttcinate
woody peduncles have no parallel in the Order, tlie position of the genus in the
family is somewhat doubtful, but, on the whole, its nearest afllmties appear to be with
the tribe in which we bave placed it. The concave base of the petals resembles that
of Xylopia and Uabzelia, but they arc all similar in shape, and the upper part is
usually quite ftut. In one species, however, it is cylindrical or clavate, and in ano-
ther triquetrous,—a circumstance which has been overlooked in the preparation of the
analytical table of the genera. Aftabotrys is for the most part an Asiatic £cnus, one